\’Cone, crater, lava: those words make up the alphabet of volcano learning. The cone is the outside of a huge chimney; the crater is the mouth of it. The lava is the ore which is being melted in the furnace below, that it may flow out over the surface of the old land, and make new land instead.\’
Ambleside Online has a guide by Katie Barr which provides background information on the book and the following are some of the rabbit trails we pursued as we went through Chapter 3 of MHLW which was all about volcanoes. You\’ll find some information repeated in the different videos and websites but it\’s a fascinating subject and we thought they were all helpful.
Pg. 49 – Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii (Kingsley refers to Hawaii as the Sandwich Islands, the name given to them by Captain James Cook in 1778).
Volcano 101 – very good; explains the different types of volcanoes; one view of a \’mummy\’ from the ruins of Pompeii:
Below – good, simple video on how volcanoes are formed and continental drift. One mention of millions of years towards the end.
Pg 54 – Mt. Vesuvius
Pliny the Younger, witness to a catastrophe. Great site with two videos of Pliny\’s observations of the Vesuvius eruption in 79AD.
The destruction of Pompeii – some information at \’Eyewitness to History.\’
Short video on Mt Vesuvius facts and narration of Pliny the Younger:
Mt Vesuvius erupts near Naples, Italy in 1944:
Excellent website on the Mt Vesuvius eruption during World War II. Probably of more interest to an older child but I think most boys would love it.
A 2009 aerial view of a very different Mt Vesuvius:
One of his cousins is a volcanologist and it made me feel slightly better that he thought the mountain was safe enough the day we went up. Only slightly. I was making escape plans in my head all the time I was up there.
An article from The Earthquake Commision – Remembering the 1995 Mt Ruapehu Eruption.
The Waimangu Volcanic Valley is a geothermal system at Rotorua in the North Island of New Zealand which we visited on our honeymoon. An eerie and beautiful place.
Crater Lakes, Pg 63
A sweep of Cotopaxi (see Pg 60 of MHLW) at 5897 meters. Located in Equador in South America